Sewing jeans at the Ananta apparel factory where Ruma Akhter works as a seamstress. (Ruma Akhter is featured in the book What I Eat: Around the World in 80 Diets.) The factory is located on Elephant Road, downtown Dhaka, Bangladesh. While nearly half of Bangladesh's population is employed in agriculture, in recent years the economic engine of Bangladesh has been its garment industry, and the country is now the world's fourth largest clothing exporter, ahead of India and the United States. Dependent on exports and fearing international sanctions, Bangladesh's garment industry has implemented rules outlawing child labor and setting standards for humane working conditions.