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Precision robot arms maneuver microsurgical instruments through centimeter-long holes into the heart of a cadaver in a demonstration of minimally invasive surgery at Intuitive Surgical of Mountain View, California. The whole ensemble: console, tools, and operating table, was developed by the Stanford Research Institute in Menlo Park, CA, a nonprofit R&D center created by Stanford University. The system was commercialized by Intuitive Surgical of Mountain View, Calif.; it now costs about $1 million. From the book Robo sapiens: Evolution of a New Species, page 6-7. Intuitive Surgical Incorporated, based in California, USA, designed Da Vinci.